Belvedere Palace Tickets

Detailed History of Belvedere Palace | Construction, Architecture and More

Once the summer residence of the Austrian Habsburg dynasty Prince Eugene of Savoy, the Belvedere Palace is a Baroque-style complex in Vienna, Austria. Decorated with sculptures, cascades, fountains, and gardens, the Belvedere Palace is built on a beautiful landscape that makes it a must-visit attraction in Vienna. The palace is divided into two buildings - the Upper and Lower Belvedere, each with its own charm that will make your trip here worth it. Let’s get into the history of the spectacular palace and understand why you must add it to your itinerary on your trip to Vienna.

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Belvedere Palace opening hours
Belvedere Palace location
Belvedere Palace opening hours

Belvedere Palace timeline

  • 1712: The Lower Belvedere Palace is commissioned by architect Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt.
  • 1717: After the Lower Belvedere is completed, construction work for Upper Belvedere begins.
  • 1736: Prince Eugene passes away at City Palace without a will. His niece, Princess Victoria, becomes the owner of the palace.
  • 1752: The only woman to rule Austria, Empress Maria Theresa, inherits the Belvedere estate.
  • 1770: The Belvedere Palace is the venue for Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I’s daughter, Maria Antoinette, and Louis XVI’s wedding.
  • 1781: The Picture Gallery is opened in the Upper Belvedere, making it the first public museum in the world.
  • 1896: The museum in the Upper Belvedere is shut and renovated as a primary residence for the heir to the throne, Franz Ferdinand.
  • 1912: The Austrian Gallery, previously the Modern Gallery, becomes home to Austria's most celebrated paintings and artworks.

Belvedere Palace history explained

Belvedere Palace History

Construction begins

Prince Eugene of Savoy, belonging to the Habsburg dynasty, wanted to build a summer residence. He appointed architect Johann Lukas von Hilderbrandt, a student of Italian architect Carlo Fontana to undertake the task. A massive plot was chosen in the heart of Vienna. It was built in the Baroque style and featured lavish gardens. The construction was completed in 1717.

Belvedere Palace History
Belvedere Palace History

Prince Eugene passed away

On 21st April 1736, Prince Eugene passed away in his sleep. He left no will. Roman Emperor Charles VI set up a commission to decide what would be done with Prince Eugene’s possessions. After much thought and consideration, the Belvedere Palace and other important possessions of Prince Eugene went to his niece, Princess Victoria, whom he had never met.

Belvedere Palace History

Empress Maria Theresa’s reign

Maria Theresa became the ruler of Habsburg dominions, making her the only woman to ever rule Austria. After she took over the ownership of the Belvedere Palace, the palace was not used much. In 1770, the palace was used for the holy matrimony of Marie Antoinette and the future King of France, Louis XVI. A masked ball was thrown in their honor, with a guest list of 16,000 people.

Belvedere Palace History
Belvedere Palace History

Home of Franz Ferdinand

Most of the artworks were moved to Serbia to protect them from the French revolutionaries. Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I decided to convert the Upper Belvedere as the primary residence of his heir apparent, Franz Ferdinand. In 1903, Franz Ferdinand opened the Modern Gallery to the public to celebrate the works of Austrian artists in the era of Modernism.

Construction of the Belvedere Palace

Construction of the Belvedere Palace

Architecture of the Belvedere Palace

Belvedere Palace History

Belvedere Palace today

Belvedere Palace today

Book tickets to Belvedere Palace in Vienna

Frequently asked questions about Belvedere Palace history

How old is Belvedere Palace Vienna?

The Belvedere Palace in Vienna was built between 1712 and 1723, making the palace almost 310 years old.

Why is Belvedere Palace Vienna famous?

The Belvedere Palace is famous for its Baroque-style architecture. It was once the summer residence of Prince Eugene of Savoy and also housed important members of the Habsburg dynasty that once ruled Austria. Today, it functions as an art museum, showcasing pieces from the royal collection and celebrated Modernist artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Where is Belvedere Palace Vienna?

The Belvedere Palace is situated in the heart of the city, on Prinz-Eugen-Straße 27, 1030 Wien, Austria. It is close to all the major attractions in the city.

Who designed Belvedere Palace Vienna?

Prince Eugene of Savoy commissioned the Belvedere Palace to renowned Austrian architect Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt. The Palace was built in a Baroque style and showcased significant artworks by artists like Gustave Klimt and Egon Schiele. The Lower Belvedere Palace also houses temporary exhibitions and cultural events.

What is the architectural style of Belvedere Palace Vienna?

The Belvedere Palace is built in the Baroque style with intricate designs, ornate stuccos, gilded works, and overlooking huge gardens. Prince Eugene of Savoy had commissioned this palace to use as his summer residence.

How much does it cost to visit Belvedere Palace Vienna?

If you book Belvedere Palace tickets online, you can choose between direct-entry and combo tickets. The direct entry tickets to Belvedere Palace in Vienna start from €14.60. The Belvedere Palace combo tickets start from €51.24.

What are some interesting facts about the Belvedere Palace history?

The Belvedere Palace was the venue of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI’s wedding. During the French Revolution, many royal family members took refuge in the Belvedere Palace, including Princess Marie Therese Charlotte, the only surviving child of the French rulers. The palace was also the residence of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, who was assassinated in 1914, which would become the starting point of World War I.

Is it worth visiting Belvedere Palace Vienna?

Yes, you must visit the Belvedere Palace in Vienna to witness its beauty with your own eyes. It is a beautiful Baroque-style palace that is among the top attractions of Vienna. The Belvedere Palace is a haven for art enthusiasts since it showcases a variety of artworks from the Middle Ages to the 19th and 20th centuries.